Pediatric / Preventive Dentistry
Pit and Fissures Sealants
A fissure sealant is a material that is placed in the pits and fissures of teeth in order to prevent or arrest the development of dental caries.
Tooth surfaces with pits and fissures are particularly vulnerable to caries development and they accounted for almost 50% of the caries in school children. This can be explained by the morphological complexity of these surfaces, which favours plaque accumulation. The plaque accumulation and caries susceptibility are greatest during the eruption of the molars and caries susceptible individuals are therefore vulnerable to early initiation and fast progression of caries in these sites.
Topical Fluoride Treatment
Fluoride reduces cavities in both children and adults. It also helps repair the early stages of tooth decay even before the decay becomes visible. Fluoride is like any other nutrient; it is safe and effective when used appropriately.
Professionally-applied topical fluorides are in the form of gel foam or rinse, and are applied by a dentist during a dental visits. These fluorides are more concentrated than the self-applied fluorides, and therefore are not needed as frequently.